Endoscopic spine surgery is a minimally invasive spine surgery that uses specialized video cameras and instruments to remove the herniated disc through very small incisions. The approach is made through the back, chest or abdomen, to gain access to the spine to perform the surgery.
Endoscopic spine procedures are performed using a tool called an endoscope, a thin tube with a tiny video camera on the end of it. The camera displays the images of the inside of the body onto the television screens, helping the doctor see what is going on. During your procedure fluoroscopes (x-ray machines) are used to provide the best views of your spine. The endoscope is inserted through a small cut and guides it to the affected area. Your doctor uses x-ray and the camera to find the fragment and special instruments to remove the fragment. The incisions are closed with sutures and covered with surgical tape.
Before the procedure, your surgeon may advise you to stop smoking and to exercise regularly to improve your recovery rate. Any nonessential medications or herbal medications that increase surgical risk should be discontinued before surgery. Before your surgery you can ask your surgeon any questions you may have.
With endoscopic spine surgery most patients usually return home within two days after surgery. Physiotherapy and occupational therapy is given to mobilize the spine and loosen the muscles. To avoid strain injury you may be instructed to avoid bending, lifting, and twisting for the first 2 to 4 weeks.